Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupation profiles


Employment: 4,426,090

Mean Hourly Wage: $13.47

Mean Annual Wage: $28,010

Largest Employment Category—Janitors and Cleaners–2,161,740

Smallest Employment Category—Grounds Maintenance Workers—15,170

Wage Estimates for the entire group can be found here.

The Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance occupation profiles compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (released in May 2016 and modified in March 2017) include specific information about 10 distinct occupational job types.

Build your career in landscaping, facilities maintenance, janitorial services, or cleaning. Explore the qualifications and nature of each job type through links on this page and throughout the site. Discover job opportunities in building and grounds management.

If you are interested in assessing long-term trends and comparing the Bureau’s annual surveys beginning in 1988.

Fast Facts: The Bureau of Labor Statistics (“BLS”) estimates that 4,426,090 are employed in this occupational group earning the “mean annual wage” (as defined below) of $28,010.

In general, the “mean” is the sum of the total values (e.g., wages) in the data set or survey divided by number of values (while the “median” is the middle value in same the sequence. The term “mean annual wage” (or “MAW”) is calculated by multiplying the mean hourly wage as determined by the BLS by a “year-round, full-time” hours figure of 2,080 hours. So, for example, the Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance group’s mean hourly wage of $13.47, multiplied by 2,080, results in the mean annual wage of $28,010.

Did you know? The highest concentration of jobs in this occupation by metropolitan area is in Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI (89.14 per 1,000), followed by Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL (71.31), Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC (70.03) and Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC (65.56). The actual number of jobs in those cities is not that that attractive (31,420 total), but the scenery certainly is.

Highest Paid (in mean annual wage)

  • First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping and Grounds-keeping Workers ($48,790)
  • First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers ($41,240)
  • Tree Trimmers and Pruners ($37,310)

Lowest Paid (from lowest)

  • Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners ($23,830)
  • Janitors and Cleaners ($27,030)
  • Landscaping and Grounds-keeping Workers ($28,560)

For the entire list of mean annual wages for this occupation (from highest to lowest),

Sources: In addition to specific citations noted, supplementary source materials include the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.